... and here you can see the soil around the trees has been treated with phosphorus. Cerrado is technified coffee. It is not an old growing region ... dating back only to the late 1960s and '70s. Before that, the uses for this land where limited and the main economic activity was cattle ranching and, before that, mining; Minas= Mines. In a way, technified, mechanical coffee production irks me - but there is a lot of counterbalance to my concerns, as you can see when I go to Carmo estate.