Coffee Production Timetable

This information is very approximate and can change from year to year a bit. There's another issue ... you could get new crop Costa Rica, for example, in December or January ... but would you want to? Probably not! Those shipments are lower grown coffees, lower altitude farms where coffee cherry ripens sooner. These are not going to have the cup quality of higher grown coffees, and will lack bean density and brightness. And sometimes coffee is "rushed" through production for market reasons, ruining any cup quality it has. Coffee needs careful, timely processing, and it needs to "rest" in it's outer parchment layer for 30-60 days at least after drying.

Even at the good farms, there are still early, early pickings of ripe cherry that are not usually the best coffee the farm will produce. For that you need to receive a lot of "heart of the crop" coffee, the mid-crop pickings when the cherries have uniformly ripened. The best lots of a farm, their "reserve" lots come from these pickings. In our Costa Rica example, those would arrive in the U.S. starting late March through June, in most seasons. There are always exceptions, and there can always be a great coffee the arrives out of sync with the crop cycle. Sometimes the first Harar arrivals are best, oftentimes not. Sometimes the last Harar arrivals are best. Cupping is the way we find out....

I have changed the table to reflect Best Harvest Time and Best Shipment Period ... in other words, the peak of the harvest at good altitude farms ... in other words, Specialty Coffee. But this is still a very general and rough guide to the Coffee Crop Cycle and should be regarded as an estimate, not a definite.

Harvest Period
Best Harvest Period = B
Shipping Period
Best Shipment Period = B

 

REGION

COUNTRY

Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
Central America &South America

Bolivia

             
B
B
B
   
                 
B
B
B
 
Brazil          
B
B
B
B
     
 
B
B
B
           
B
B
B
 

Colombia

   
Fly
Crop
B
B
     
Main
Crop
B
B
B
B
B
   
B
B
B
       
B
 

Costa Rica

B
B
B
               
B
 
B
B
B
B
B
B
         
 

Guatemala

B
B
B
               
B
 
B
B
B
B
B
B
         
 

Honduras

B
B
                 
B
B
B
B
                 
 

Mexico

B
B
B
             
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
       
 

Nicaragua

B
B
B
               
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
         
 

Panama

B
B
B
                 
 
B
B
B
B
B
B
         
 

Peru

             
B
B
B
   
                 
B
B
B
 

El Salvador

B
B
B
               
B
 
B
B
B
B
B
B
         


REGION

COUNTRY

Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec

India

India
B
B
                   
   
B
B
B
B
           
 

Pacific

Papua New Guinea

         
B
B
B
       
             
B
B
B
B
B
 

Hawaii

B
               
B
B
B
B
B
               
B
B


REGION

COUNTRY

Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec

Indonesia

Java

           
B
B
B
     
             
B
B
B
B
 
 

Sulawesi

           
B
B
B
B
B
 
B
             
B
B
B
B
 

Sumatra

B
B
B
           
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
         
B
B
 

Timor

       
B
B
B
B
B
     
             
B
B
B
B
B


REGION

COUNTRY

Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec

Africa

Ethiopia

varies
               
varies
 
B
B
B
B
B
           
 

Kenya

B
B
   
Fly
Crop
B
B
   
Main Crop
B
B
 
B
B
B
B
   
B
B
     
 

Tanzania

                 
B
B
B
B
B
               
B
B
 

Uganda

                 
B
B
B
B
B
               
B
B
 

Yemen

                 
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
           
B
B
 

Zimbabwe

           
B
B
B
B
   
B
B
               
B
B


REGION

COUNTRY

Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec

Caribbean

Jamaica

B
B
                   
B
B
B
B
               
 

Dominican Republic

                       
                       

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